Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2018 Sep;24(3):243-251. 10.4069/kjwhn.2018.24.3.243.

Influence of Job-seeking Stress on Perimenstrual Symptoms of Female College Students in Health and Non-health related Majors: Mediating Effects of Stress Coping Styles

Affiliations
  • 1Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Director, Department of Nursing, Hansarang Hospital, Mokpo, Korea. magnuspmk2000@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
To determine effects of job-seeking stress on perimenstrual symptoms of female college students with health and non-health related majors and mediating effects of stress coping styles.
METHODS
Data were collected from 189 female college students who were juniors or seniors. This study was conducted using questionnaires on job-seeking stress, perimenstrual symptoms, and stress coping styles. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS, version 23.0. Mediation analysis was performed according to the Baron and Kenny method and Sobel test.
RESULTS
Job-seeking stress was significantly and positively correlated with perimenstrual symptoms in non-health college students. Passive stress coping styles demonstrated a complete mediating effect on the relationship between job-seeking stress and perimenstrual symptoms of those with non-health related majors (β=0.31, p=.002). Such effect was significant (Sobel test; Z=2.06, p=.039).
CONCLUSION
Effects of job-seeking stress on perimenstrual symptoms were mediated by passive stress coping styles of non-health related major students. Based on findings of this study, effective stress cope strategies should be developed considering characteristics of majors to manage perimenstrual symptoms of female college students with high job-seeking stress.

Keyword

Employment; Psychological stress; Adaptation; Menstruation
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