J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ.  2015 Aug;21(3):289-297. 10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.3.289.

Stress, Stress Coping Methods, and College Adjustment according to Behavioral Styles in Freshman Nursing Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Chosun University, Korea.
  • 2Chosun Nursing College, Korea. eychoi@cnc.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to describe stress levels, stress coping methods, and college adjustment according to behavior styles in freshman nursing students.
METHODS
Data were collected through a structured questionnaire targeting general characteristics, behavior styles, stress levels, stress coping methods, and college adjustment, and were analyzed with descriptive statistics, ANOVA, t-tests, and Pearson correlation using the SPSS program.
RESULTS
Stress was related to perceived physical health status, satisfaction with school life, and behavior style. Problem-focused coping was related to exercise, satisfaction with school life, and behavior style. College adjustment was related to place of residence, personality, perceived physical health status, motivation for entrance, and satisfaction with school life. College adjustment had significant positive correlations with stress and problem-focused coping. The relationship between college adjustment and hopeful-thought coping had a significantly negative correlation.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that identifying the effects of self-understanding programs on stress management and college adjustment is required.

Keyword

Stress; Stress coping; Adjustment
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