Korean J Pediatr.  2018 Aug;61(8):253-257. 10.3345/kjp.2018.61.8.253.

Use of child safety seats during transportation of newborns

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. smshinmd@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
Child safety seats (CSS) are critical for the protection of children, in case of motor vehicle accidents. Although the national legislation mandates that all newborns must be placed in an appropriately installed CSS during transportation, people often do not perceive the importance of CSS and do not use it as recommended. The purpose of this survey was to understand the use of CSS for the safe transport of newborns from hospital to home.
METHODS
We interviewed parents of newborn infants, using a structured questionnaire, at the time of their discharge from Cheil General Hospital & Women's Health Care Center, between May 2014 and July 2014.
RESULTS
A total of 403 participants were interviewed. The rate of CSS use was only 14.9%. Overall, 76.4% of the families interviewed were not aware about the recommendations on CSS use for newborns when travelling in a car. The provision of education on using CSS significantly influenced their rate of use. Parents who were educated about mounting the CSS in a car used it more as compared with others (25.7% vs. 12.2%) (P=0.002). Furthermore, if parents had heard about the importance or necessity of CSS, they used it more than others did (19.5% vs. 10.6%, P=0.032).
CONCLUSION
Despite the legal regulation, most parents transport their newborn infants without a CSS while traveling from hospital to their home. The rate of CSS use was influenced by parental education and their knowledge about its necessity. Education programs for parents must be reinforced to increase the CSS use.

Keyword

Child safety seats; Child restraint systems; Seat belts

MeSH Terms

Child Restraint Systems*
Child*
Delivery of Health Care
Education
Hospitals, General
Humans
Infant, Newborn*
Motor Vehicles
Parents
Seat Belts
Transportation*
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