J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2018 Mar;29(1):11-20. 10.12799/jkachn.2018.29.1.11.

Testing Reliability and Validity of the Person-centered Climate Questionnaire-staff version in Korean for Long-term Care Facilities

  • 1College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Northern Health Clinical Schools of Nursing College of Science, La Trobe University, Heidelberg, Australia.
  • 4Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. yoon26@snu.ac.kr


To test the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Person-centered Climate Questionnaire - staff version (KPCQ-S) in long-term care institutions.
A total of 297 staff in long-term care institutions including nine nursing homes (NHs) and 4 long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) were included. The KPCQ-S was developed following the WHO guidelines of the process of translation and adaptation of instruments. An internal consistency using Cronbach's α was tested for reliability. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to examine the construct validity. Convergent and discriminant validity were examined using Pearson correlation.
EFA demonstrated the construct validity of the 14-item KPCQ-S with three-factor solutions, specifically three factors (safety, everydayness, and community) in NHs and four factors (safety, everydayness, community, and comprehensibility) in LTCHs. Convergent validity was found in the correlation with the work satisfaction (r=.55). The KPCQ-S showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α=.91).
The KPCQ-S is found to be a reliable and valid tool for measuring staff perceptions of the person centeredness of long-term care environments.


Personhood; Long-term care; Environment
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