J Korean Acad Nurs.  2015 Jun;45(3):412-419. 10.4040/jkan.2015.45.3.412.

Validity and Reliability of the Person-centered Care Assessment Tool in Long-term Care Facilities in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. why996527@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Person-centered Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT).
METHODS
The English P-CAT was translated into Korean with forward and backward translation. Survey data were collected from 458 staff in 17 long-term care facilities in Korea. Construct validity and criterion related validity were evaluated. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess reliability.
RESULTS
The Korean version of P-CAT was shown to be valid homogeneously by factor, item and content analysis. Internal consistency reliability was satisfactory in which the values of factor 1, factor 2 and the total scale were .84, .77 and .86 respectively. Exploratory factor analysis supported the construct validity with a two-factor solution. Factor loadings of the 13 items ranged in .34~.80. Criterion validity to the Person-centered Climate Questionnaire-staff (PCQ-S) was .74 (p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The Korean version of the P-CAT was found to be an applicable instrument with satisfactory reliability and validity for further use in measuring successful person-centered care in long-term care facilities for older persons.

Keyword

Person; Care; Long-term care; Validity; Reliability
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