Perspect Nurs Sci.  2018 Apr;15(1):29-40. 10.16952/pns.2018.15.1.29.

An Integrative Review of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1RN, Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. taekuuni@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The present study aimed to review the characteristics of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) programs for alcohol use disorders and to examine the outcomes of such programs.
METHODS
We searched for domestic and foreign studies that implemented a CBT program for alcohol use disorders, published from 2006 to 2017. Studies that met inclusion/exclusion criteria were selected and a quality assessment was performed using the Risk of Bias (RoB) and Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies (RoBANS) instruments. We utilized a five-stage analysis process, through which nine experimental studies were selected.
RESULTS
Of these nine studies, four were randomized controlled trials, four used a quasi-experimental design, and one used a qualitative design. The CBT involved the three domains of cognitive reconstruction, problem solving, and coping. Coping with drinking situations and communication constituted most of the sessions. The outcomes of such interventions showed that CBT had a positive effect on alcohol use and self-evaluation.
CONCLUSION
CBT is an effective way to change alcohol use behaviors, motivation, interpersonal relationships, emotional control, and self-efficacy among patients with alcohol use disorders. This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of CBT-based programs for the treatment of alcohol use disorders.

Keyword

Alcohols; Cognitive therapy
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