Korean J Med.  2017 Dec;92(6):526-532. 10.3904/kjm.2017.92.6.526.

Effects of Platelet Number and Platelet Indices on Platelet Reactivity in Patients Treated with Clopidogrel or Ticagrelor

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea. librato46@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
Platelet counts and characteristics can influence platelet reactivity during antiplatelet therapy. We compared the effects of both platelet count and indices on platelet reactivity between patients who were treated with either clopodogrel or ticagrelor.
METHODS
Patients with coronary artery disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly assigned to either the clopidogrel (n = 63) or ticagrelor (n = 65) groups. Platelet count, platelet indices (including mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet large cell ratio, and immature platelet fraction), and platelet reactivity were measured before intervention, and 48 hours and 30 days post-intervention. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined as ≥ 47 unit as assessed by multiple electrode platelet aggregometry.
RESULTS
Baseline platelet reactivity was similar between the two groups; however, at 48 hours and 30 days, platelet reactivity was significantly lower in the ticagrelor group than in the clopidogrel group. Platelet count, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet large cell ratio, and immature platelet fraction were significantly correlated with platelet reactivity in the clopidogrel group; however, these correlations were attenuated in the ticagrelor group. The use of clopodogrel (hazard ratio [HR] 4.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-11.9; p = 0.010) and platelet count (HR 9.7, 95% CI 2.9-32.7; p = 0.001) were independent predictors for 30 day HPR. Platelet count was an independent predictor of HPR in the clopidogrel group but not in the ticagrelor group.
CONCLUSIONS
Platelet count and indices are significantly correlated with platelet reactivity. However, antiplatelet treatment with ticagrelor could overcome these associations.

Keyword

Platelets; Platelet function tests; P2Y12 receptor antagonists
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