J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2006 Dec;41(6):1002-1007.

Comparison of Results of Total Knee Arthroplasty Performed using a Navigation System and the Conventional Technique

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedics, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea. seonbell@yahoo.co.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
To compare the radiologic and clinical outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed using a navigation system with those obtained using the conventional technique.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Forty-one TKAs were performed using a navigation system (navigation group) and forty-eight by conventional surgery (conventional group). Radiologic results outside the range defined by +/-3degrees of optimum were classified as outliers. Range of motion and HSS scores at final follow-up were also compared.
RESULTS
Mean mechanical axes were 0.3degrees valgus for navigation and 0.5degrees varus for the conventional group, which were not statistically different. However, two outliers occurred in the navigation group, which was significantly less than the 14 that occurred in the conventional group. Mean coronal inclination of the femoral component was significantly different in the two groups as were the outlier numbers. Although outlier numbers significantly differed in sagittal inclination of the femoral or tibial components or coronal inclination of the tibial component, there were no statistical differences in terms of mean values. Differences in ROM and HSS scores were also not observed between the two groups.
CONCLUSION
The navigation system helped increase alignment accuracy of the lower extremity, but no significant difference was observed in clinical results between the two study groups.

Keyword

Total knee arthroplasty; Navigation system; Conventional technique; Alignment; Clinical result
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