J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2017 Mar;26(1):14-23. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2017.26.1.14.

Effects of a Dementia Family Education Program for Dementia Recognition, Burden, and Depression in Caregivers of Elders with Dementia

Affiliations
  • 1Baesung Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Daegu, Korea. hskim8879@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to investigate effects of the dementia family education program on dementia recognition, burden, and depression in caregivers of elders with dementia.
METHODS
Aquasi-experimental research with a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized pre and post design was used with 52 caregivers of elders with dementia living in D city. Data were collected from August 12 to December 12, 2013. The dementia family education program was provided to the experimental group once a week over 8 weeks, for 90 minutes per session. Data were analyzed using χ² test, Fisher exact probability test, t-test.
RESULTS
Experimental group participants who took part in the dementia family education program had higher dementia recognition scores than the control group that did not participate (t=3.79, p<.001). Experimental group participants who took part in the dementia family education program had lower burden and depression scores than the control group that did not participate (t=-2.90, p=.006) (t=-2.22, p=.034).
CONCLUSION
The findings indicate that the dementia family education program enhances dementia recognition by caregivers of elders with dementia and lowers burden and depression in these caregivers. Use of the dementia family education program is recommended as an effective nursing intervention for caregivers of elders with dementia.

Keyword

Caregiver; Family; Dementia; Burden; Depression

MeSH Terms

Caregivers*
Dementia*
Depression*
Education*
Humans
Nursing
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