Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2017 Aug;26(3):197-206. 10.5807/kjohn.2017.26.3.197.

Comparison of Organizational Culture and Organizational Commitment based on Experience of Workplace Bullying in Clinical Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea. eopark@jejunu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to investigate the relationship among nurses' workplace bullying experience, organizational culture, and organizational commitment.
METHODS
Nurses who had worked for more than 6 months (N=299) were selected from 5 general hospitals. Data were collected from August to September 2014, using a self- reported questionnaire, and were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0.
RESULTS
Among the participants, 17.7% reported having experienced workplace bullying. Those who had experienced workplace bullying reported significantly lower relation-oriented culture, innovation-oriented culture, and organizational commitment as compared to the other group (t=-2.50, p=.016; t=-2.60, p=.011; t=-2.91, p=.004, respectively). Rank-oriented culture was higher in those who had experienced workplace bullying as compared to those who had not (t=2.76, p=.007).
CONCLUSION
Those who had experienced workplace bullying had higher scores on rank-oriented culture and lower scores on innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, and organizational commitment. To reduce workplace bullying among nurses, hospital managers should improve the relation-oriented organizational culture and alleviate the rank-oriented culture.

Keyword

Nurses; Workplace bullying; Organizational culture; Organizational commitment
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