Korean J Adult Nurs.  2014 Oct;26(5):553-562. 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.5.553.

Factors Affecting Workplace Bullying in Korean Hospital Nurses

  • 1Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. jykang@dau.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing workplace bullying among Korean hospital nurses.
Subjects in this study included 178 hospital nurses who attended two nationwide nursing educational conferences in 2013. The data was collected using self-report questionnaires which were used to identify the subjects' characteristics, self-esteem, perception of nursing organizational culture, and workplace bullying experience.
The results showed that 19.1% of study subjects reported being victims of workplace bullying and mostly experienced person-related and work-related bullying. Multiple regression analysis was done to identify factors affecting workplace bullying. The perception of relation-oriented culture, task-oriented culture and self-esteem turned out to be variables that explained nurses' workplace bullying, and these factors accounted for 32.0% of the variance.
The findings suggest that nurses experience more workplace bullying in task-oriented cultures. However, they experience less bullying and report higher self-esteem and awareness in relation-oriented cultures. Interventions focused on the characteristics of the organization need to be developed to prevent workplace bullying in hospital nurses.

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