J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2017 Jun;28(2):118-128. 10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.118.

The Effects of Health Behavior and Health Status on Heath-related Quality of Life in Older People: Gender Analysis by using the 2012 Korea Health Panel Data

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Muan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing · The Research Institute of Women, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea. seami@mokpo.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to investigate the affecting factors according to gender in older adults by using the 2012 Korea Health Panel data.
METHODS
The Korea Health Panel data 2012 were collected from February to August 2012 by Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs and National Health Insurance Corporation and the number of respondents were 1,921. The data were analyzed by t-test, chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN program.
RESULTS
The limitation of activity was the most influential factor for health-related quality of life of both male and female. For male, the affecting factors on HRQoL were hearing problems and frustration. For female, the affecting factors on HRQoL were eating problems, depression and suicidal impulses. Drinking, moderate physical activities, vision problems and stress had a significant effect on HRQoL for both male and female.
CONCLUSION
Health care providers should consider the differences between male and female when they design a program in order to improve HRQoL of older people.

Keyword

Aged; Quality of life; Health behavior; Health status

MeSH Terms

Adult
Depression
Drinking
Eating
Female
Frustration
Health Behavior*
Health Personnel
Hearing
Humans
Korea*
Male
Motor Activity
National Health Programs
Quality of Life*
Surveys and Questionnaires
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