Allergy Asthma Respir Dis.  2017 Jul;5(4):177-184. 10.4168/aard.2017.5.4.177.

Treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in Korean children

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwasung, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea.


Community-acquired pneumonia is the leading cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. However, there is a lack of data on the epidemiology of pneumonia in Korean children. In this review, we aimed to summarize pneumonia studies in Korea and suggest diagnostic methods and treatment for Korean children who were referred based on the foreign guidelines for pediatric community-acquired pneumonia. A Korean guideline for pediatric pneumonia in tune with domestic circumstances is needed.


Pneumonia; Child; Korea

MeSH Terms



  • Fig. 1. Number of publications about pediatric pneumonia in Korea depending on calendar year.

  • Fig. 2. (A) Number of publications on pneumonia in Korean children according to Korea Citation Index (KCI) or Science Citation Index (Expanded) (SCI(E)), (B) Number of papers about pneumonia in Korean children published by Allergy, Asthma and Respirator Diseases or Pediatric Infection and Vaccine during past 20 years.

  • Fig. 3. Number of pneumonia visits to medical institutions. Aadapted from National Health Insurance Corporation database.

  • Fig. 4. Number of death from pneumonia in Korean children. Aadapted from National Health Insurance Corporation database.

  • Fig. 5. Changes of pneumonia mortality in Korean children before and after in-troduction of pneumococcal vaccine (from 1.2 to 0.5 per 100,000 in 1–4 years old age group; P=0.0175).

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