Korean J Biol Psychiatry.  2017 May;24(2):68-74. 10.0000/kjbp.2017.24.2.68.

Cortical Thickness of Resting State Networks in the Brain of Male Patients with Alcohol Dependence

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea. poshong@chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
It is well known that problem drinking is associated with alterations of brain structures and functions. Brain functions related to alcohol consumption can be determined by the resting state functional connectivity in various resting state networks (RSNs). This study aims to ascertain the alcohol effect on the structures forming predetermined RSNs by assessing their cortical thickness.
METHODS
Twenty-six abstinent male patients with alcohol dependence and the same number of age-matched healthy control were recruited from an inpatient mental hospital and community. All participants underwent a 3T MRI scan. Averaged cortical thickness of areas constituting 7 RSNs were determined by using FreeSurfer with Yeo atlas derived from cortical parcellation estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity.
RESULTS
There were significant group differences of mean cortical thicknesses (Cohen's d, corrected p) in ventral attention (1.01, < 0.01), dorsal attention (0.93, 0.01), somatomotor (0.90, 0.01), and visual (0.88, 0.02) networks. We could not find significant group differences in the default mode network. There were also significant group differences of gray matter volumes corrected by head size across the all networks. However, there were no group differences of surface area in each network.
CONCLUSIONS
There are differences in degree and pattern of structural recovery after abstinence across areas forming RSNs. Considering the previous observation that group differences of functional connectivity were significant only in networks related to taskpositive networks such as dorsal attention and cognitive control networks, we can explain recovery pattern of cognition and emotion related to the default mode network and the mechanisms for craving and relapse associated with task-positive networks.

Keyword

Alcohol dependence; Resting state networks; Cortical thickness; FreeSurfer; MRI
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