Saf Health Work.  2017 Jun;8(2):175-182. 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.10.002.

Safety and Health Perceptions in Work-related Transport Activities in Ghanaian Industries

Affiliations
  • 1Intelligent Transportation System Research Center, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China. atombocharles@gmail.com
  • 2Engineering Research Center for Transportation Safety, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China.
  • 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ho Polytechnic, Ho, Ghana.
  • 4Logistics Engineering Research Centre, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China.
  • 5Department of Logistics and Transportation Services, Ghana Prisons Service, Accra, Ghana.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
With the recent rapid industrialization, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become an important issue in all industrial and human activities. However, incidents of injuries and fatality rates in the Ghanaian industry sector continue to increase. Despite this increase, there is no evidence regarding the element of OSH management in transport activities in Ghanaian industries. Thus, this study aims to examine the perceptions regarding the importance of safety and health in work-related transport activities in Ghanaian industries.
METHODS
A survey data collection technique was used to gather information on best safety practices over a 5-month period. We randomly selected 298 respondents from industries to answer structured questionnaires. The respondents included drivers, transport managers, and safety engineers. Standard multiple regression model and Pearson product–movement correlation were used to performed the analysis.
RESULTS
The result shows that for interventions to improve safety and health, concentration has been on drivers’ safety practice with less attention to safe driving environments and vehicle usage. Additionally, the respondents are aware of the importance of OSH in transport activities, but the level of integration does not measure up to the standard to reduce operational accidents and injuries. Finally, strong commitment to changing unsafe practices at all levels of operations appears to be the effective way to improve safety situations.
CONCLUSION
OSH culture is not fully complied in industries transport activities. This study, therefore, supports the use of safety seminars and training sessions for industry workers responsible for transport operations for better integration of safety standards.

Keyword

industries; occupational health; safety culture; safety perceptions; work-related transport activities
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