Saf Health Work.  2016 Mar;7(1):12-17. 10.1016/j.shaw.2015.08.002.

Occupational Health and Safety Management and Turnover Intention in the Ghanaian Mining Sector

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Organizational and Human Resource Management, University of Ghana Business School, Legon-Accra, Ghana, Africa. kamponsah-tawiah@ug.edu.gh
  • 2Department of Human Resource Management, Central Business School, Tema, Ghana, Africa.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The mining industry is considered as one of the most dangerous and hazardous industries and the need for effective and efficient occupational health and safety management is critical to safeguard workers and the industry. Despite the dangers and hazards present in the mining industry, only few studies have focused on how occupational health and safety and turnover intentions in the mines. METHOD: The study suing a cross-sectional survey design collected quantitative data from the 255 mine workers that were conveniently sampled from the Ghanaian mining industry. The data collection tools were standardized questionnaires that measured occupational health and safety management and turnover intentions. These scales were also pretested before their usage in actual data collection.
RESULTS
The correlation coefficient showed that a negative relationship existed between dimensions of occupational health and safety management and turnover intention; safety leadership (r = -0.33, p < 0.01); supervision (r = -0.26, p < 0.01); safety facilities and equipment (r = -0.32, p < 0.01); safety procedure (r = -0.27, p < 0.01). Among these dimensions, safety leadership and safety facility were significant predictors of turnover intention, (β = -0.28, p < 0.01) and (β = -0.24, p < 0.01) respectively. The study also found that turnover intention of employees is heavily influenced by the commitment of safety leadership in ensuring the effective formulation of policies and supervision of occupational health and safety at the workplace.
CONCLUSION
The present study demonstrates that safety leadership is crucial in the administration of occupational health and safety and reducing turnover intention in organizations.

Keyword

mining; safety facilities; safety leadership; safety supervision and safety procedure; turnover intention
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