J Dent Hyg Sci.  2016 Apr;16(2):134-141. 10.17135/jdhs.2016.16.2.134.

Effectiveness and Learning Experience of Dental Communication Course Training in Dental Hygiene Schools

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, Sunmoon University, Asan 31460, Korea.
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry and Research Institute of Oral Science, Gangneung Wonju National University, Gangnung 25457, Korea.
  • 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Daewon University College, Jecheon 27135, Korea.
  • 4Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, College of Dentistry and Research Institute of Oral Science, Gangneung Wonju National University, Gangnung 25457, Korea. jguitar@gwnu.ac.k

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a dental communication course in dental hygiene schools that included theory, practice, and skill for effective dental communication. Thirty-six senior dental hygiene students in a dental hygiene school took a dental communication course and responded to a questionnaire. The instrument used in the study was a modified form of Kim's communication skill self-assessment sheet. The self-assessment questionnaire about communication competencies was administered before and after the class, and the difference between scores at each time point was analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed rank sum test. Among seven elements of dental communication competencies, the competency of "information gathering" was significantly improved (p=0.008). Students' scores on perception of the importance (p=0.019) and necessity (0.016) of a communication course significantly increased after the course. Competencies in communication are essential requirement for dental hygienists. This study showed the possibility of communication skill training. An objective evaluation tool regarding students' communication competencies should be developed. Further studies with larger samples size are needed to develop a standardized comprehensive communication course in dental hygiene schools.

Keyword

Curriculum; Health communication; Health education
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