J Periodontal Implant Sci.  2015 Dec;45(6):205-209. 10.5051/jpis.2015.45.6.205.

Short-term improvement of masticatory function after implant restoration

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Dentistry and Public Oral Health, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. drkbi@yuhs.ac
  • 2Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Dental implants present several advantages over other tooth replacement options. However, there has been little research on masticatory function in relation to implant treatment. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the improvement of masticatory function two weeks after implant restoration.
METHODS
Masticatory ability was evaluated with the subjective food intake ability (FIA) and objective mixing ability index (MAI) methods. Fifty-four subjects with first and second missing molars completed the study. The subjects were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire about 30 different food items, and to chew wax samples 10 times both before and two weeks after implant restoration. A total of 108 waxes were analyzed with an image analysis program.
RESULTS
Dental implant restoration for lost molar teeth on one side increased the FIA score by 9.0% (P<0.0001). The MAI score also increased, by 14.3% after implant restoration (P<0.0001). Comparison between the good and poor mastication groups, which were subdivided based on the median MAI score before implant restoration, showed that the FIA score of the poor group was enhanced 1.1-fold while its MAI score was enhanced 2.0-fold two weeks after an implant surgery.
CONCLUSIONS
Using the FIA and MAI assessment methods, this study showed that masticatory function was improved two weeks after implant restoration. In particular, the enhancement of masticatory function by implant restoration was greater in patients with relatively poor initial mastication than in those with good initial mastication.

Keyword

Dental implants; Diagnosis; Mastication; Questionnaires

MeSH Terms

Dental Implants
Diagnosis
Eating
Humans
Mastication
Molar
Tooth
Waxes
Dental Implants
Waxes
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