J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2000 Jul;39(4):680-690.

A Validation Study of the Suicide Probability Scale for Adolescents (SPS-A)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Taejeon St. Mary Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
We aimed to develope the Suicide Probability Scale for Adolescent (SPS-A) to evaluate the possibility of suicide behavior in adolescents.
METHODS
SPS-A was adminstered to 792 middle and high school students for examining the reliability and validity.
RESULTS
SPS-A was found to have significantly high internal consistency and total -subscale score correlations. Factor analysis yielded four factors of negative self-evaluation, hopelessness, suicide idea and hostility, which explained 53.28% of total variables. In the assessment of correlations with other suicide-related scales for the concurrent validity of SPS-A, Rosenberg self-esteem scale and Buss-Durkee hostility scale have significant correlations with SPS-A. However, Children's depression inventory and Hopelessness scale for adolescent did not have significant correlations with SPS-A.
CONCLUSION
We concluded that SPS-A had high reliability and validity, which is usefull for evaluating suicide idea in adolescents. This study suggests that hopelessness and depressive symptoms are not for evaluating suicide risk in adolescents, unlike adult group.

Keyword

Suicide probability scale; Adolescent; Reliability; Validity
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