J Korean Radiol Soc.  2002 Apr;46(4):329-334.

Malignant Duodenal Obstructions: Palliative Treatment with Covered Expandable Nitinol Stent

  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Gospel Hospital, College of Medicine, Kosin University. khc4020@hitel.net
  • 2Department of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, Ulsan University.


To evaluate the feasibility and clinical effectiveness of using a polyurethane-covered expandable nitinol stent in the palliative treatment of malignant duodenal obstruction. MSTERIALS AND METHODS: Under fluoroscopic guidance, a polyurethane-covered expandable nitinol stent was placed in 12 consecutive patients with malignant duodenal obstructions. All presented with severe nausea and recurrent vomiting. The underlying causes of obstruction were duodenal carcinoma (n=4), pancreatic carcinoma (n=4), gall bladder carcinoma (n=2), distal CBD carcinoma (n=1), and uterine cervical carcinoma (n=1). The sites of obstruction were part I (n=1), part II (n=8), and part III (n=3). Due to pre-existing jaundice, eight patients with part II obstructions underwent biliary decompression prior to stent placement. An introducer sheath with a 6-mm outer diameter and stents 16 mm in diameter were employed, and to place the stent, an after-loading technique was used.
Stent placement was technically successful in ten patients, and no procedural complications occurred. In one of two patients in whom there was technical failure, and in whom the obstructions were located in part III, the stent was placed transgastrically. Stent migration occurred in one patient four days after the procedure, and treatment involved the placement of a second, uncovered, nitinol stent. After stent placement, symptoms improved in all patients. During follow-up, obstructive symptoms [due to stent stenosis (n=1), colonic obstruction (n=1), and multiple small bowel obstructions (n=1)] recurred in three patients. Two of these were treated by placing additional stents in the duodenum and colon, respectively. One of the eight patients in whom a stent was placed in the second portion of the duodenum developed jaundice. The patients died at mean 14 (median, 9) weeks after stent placement.
The placement of a polyurethane-covered expandable nitinol stent seems to be technically feasible, safe and effective for the palliative treatment of malignant duodenal obstructions.


Duodenum, stenosis or obstruction; Gastrointestinal tract, interventional procedure; Stents and prostheses

MeSH Terms

Constriction, Pathologic
Duodenal Obstruction*
Follow-Up Studies
Palliative Care*
Urinary Bladder
Full Text Links
  • JKRS
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr