J Korean Child Neurol Soc.  1997 Oct;5(1):133-137.

A Case of Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy in Infancy


Severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy(SMEI) is a condition beginning with recurrent, prolonged febrile convulsion in normal children, followed within months to 4 years by generalized tonic clonic seizures, partial seizures, atypical absences, myoclonic seizures and status epilepticus. The seizures are generally difficult to control. Carbamazepine which is appropriate for partial seizures, is not effective and may aggravate generalized seizures, but sodium valproate has been reported to be helpful. The evolution is always bad with persistent seizures and mental retardation. We experienced a severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy in a 16-month-old male patient who had episodes of prolonged febrile convulsions followed by mixed type of seizures. We report a case of SMEI with a brief review of literatures.

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