J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2012 Sep;36(3):238-248.

The ethical propensity, professionalism and ethical job behavior of clinical dental hygienists

  • 1Department of Oral Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Gachon University, Inchon, Korea. gshan@gachon.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Medical Science, Gachon University, Inchon, Korea.


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to the ethical propensity, professionalism, and ethical job behavior of dental hygienists.
The subjects of this study were 748 dental hygienists, who are working at various types of dental hospitals and clinics around the country, from January 23 to March 30, 2012. Data were analyzed with a t-test, one-way ANOVA, Chi-square, and Stepwise multiple regression analysis SPSS 19.0.
As for the ethical propensity of dental hygienists, their idealism scores were 3.87, which was higher than their relativism scores. The ethical job behavior and professionalism scores were higher in absolutists (3.80, 3.40 points) and situationists (3.77, 3.44 points), than subjectivists (3.49, 3.19 points) and exceptionists (3.38, 3.09 points) in the ethical types. The ethical job behavior and professionalism-related common Influence factors was idealism.
The absolutists and situationists with a high tendency of idealism were high in the level of professionalism and ethical job behavior, according to the ethical types.


Dental hygienist; Ethical job behavior; Ethical propensity; Idealism; Professionalism
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