Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Apr;13(1):48-57. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.1.48.

Effects of the Provision of Information on Anxiety in Patients during Outpatient Surgery: A Systematic Review

Affiliations
  • 1Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. eari83@hanmail.net
  • 2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the research methods, contents, and effects of providing information to alleviate patients' anxiety during outpatient surgery.
METHODS
The PICOTS-SD (Participants, Interventions, Comparisons, Outcomes, Time, Setting, Study design) was used and 11 randomized controlled trials studies that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. For assessing the quality of the studies, the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was used.
RESULTS
In the 11 selected studies, intervention methods included verbal, written paper, video, and websites, and the outcome variable was anxiety. Regarding the effectiveness of providing information on anxiety, the result of the present study was ambivalent.
CONCLUSION
This study showed the current trends in providing information as an intervention. However, randomized controlled trials are further needed in Korea, to verify the effects of such an intervention on patients' anxiety.

Keyword

Outpatient; Surgery; Anxiety; Information; Systematic review
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