Pediatr Allergy Respir Dis.  2000 Jun;10(2):119-130.

Aerobiological Study for Airborne Pollen and Mold in Pusan

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, St. Benedict Hospital, Pusan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Airborne pollen and mold spores are common causative agents of allergic disease. Atmospheric pollen and spores in one area of Pusan were collected to investigate species, particle amount, seasonal distribution, and of its association with reactivity to skin prick test in children.
METHODS
Rotorod sampler was installed on the rooftop of St. Benedict Hospital in Pusan. 24 hour sampling of airborne allergens over a two year period was conducted 6 days/week from July 1, 1997 to June 30, 1999. Those samples were stained with Calberla's fuchsin and were identified, counted under the light microscope (400xfor pollen, 1000xfor mold). The data were compared with the daily weather report and allergy skin test.
RESULTS
Major pollens collected were Pinus, Alnus, Juniperus, Betula, Quercus, Artemisia, Ambrosia, and Chenospodium-Amaranthus. The pollen season is relatively short and the pollen dispersed mainly during the period from March to May in case of tree pollen and from August to October in case of grass pollen. Total pollen count ranged from 0 to 1000 grains/m3/day (May 14, 99). The peak pollen season was seen during Spring and Autumn, especially in March and September. Major mold spores counted were Cladosporium, Leptospheria and Alternaria. Mold spore count ranged from 0 to 2,360 spores/m3/day (Oct. 8, 98). Cladosporium was dispersed year-round, but mainly in the October and November, while Leptospheria was dispersed mainly in the period from July to September and Alternaria counts tended to be higher around July. The concentration of mold is roughly correlated with the amount of rainfall, having high spore count in July and August, especially in case of Leptospheria. In terms of positive reaction to skin prick test in children, Alnus and Artemisia were found to be allergen source in early spring and late summer season, respectively.
CONCLUSION
Analysis of pollens and mold spores sampled in the atmosphere of Pusan, Korea, for a 2 year period identified 19 species of pollens and 22 species of mold spores with seasonal variation of some clinically important pollen/mold load. Cladosporium, Leptospheria and Alternaria are found to be three major molds, especially from June to October.

Keyword

Airborne pollen; Airborne mold; Allergy; Pusan

MeSH Terms

Allergens
Alnus
Alternaria
Ambrosia
Artemisia
Atmosphere
Betula
Busan*
Child
Cladosporium
Colony Count, Microbial
Fungi*
Humans
Hypersensitivity
Juniperus
Korea
Pinus
Poaceae
Pollen*
Quercus
Rosaniline Dyes
Seasons
Skin
Skin Tests
Spores
Weather
Allergens
Rosaniline Dyes
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