Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2016 Jun;59(6):424-429. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2016.59.6.424.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Xerostomia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. jylim@inha.ac.kr

Abstract

Xerostomia is a subjective sensation of a dry mouth which is frequently encountered in otorhinolaryngologic practice. There are a variety of salivary and nonsalivary causes of xerostomia such as side effects of medication, systemic disorders, radiation and Sjögren's syndrome. The patients with xerostomia have difficulties in chewing, swallowing, speaking, tasting and mataining oral hygiene. Because of the ageing population, and the concomitant increase in medicated individuals, otorhinolaryngologists can expect to be presented with xerostomia in an increasing number of patients in the coming years and therefore should be familiar with its diagnosis and treatment. A systematic approach should be needed to determine the etiology of xerostomia and the management of xerostomia should be multidisciplinary and multimodal. This review summarizes the current literature on the diagnosis, and complications of xerostomia, and on the management of patients with xerostomia.

Keyword

Dry mouth; Saliva; Salivary hypofunction; Xerostomia
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