J Korean Acad Nurs.  2012 Dec;42(6):898-906. 10.4040/jkan.2012.42.6.898.

Effects on Salivation, Xerostomia and Halitosis in Elders after Oral Function Improvement Exercises

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Taegu Science University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. kmp@kmu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of Oral Function Improvement Exercises on salivation, xerostomia and halitosis in elderly people.
METHODS
The participants in the study were 48 female community-dwelling elders in D city. The Oral Function Improvement Exercises were given 3 times a week, for a total of 24 times from August to October 2011. Spitting method, Visual Analogue Scale, and halimeter (mBA-21) were used to evaluate the effects of Oral Function Improvement Exercises on salivation, xerostomia, and halitosis. The data were analyzed using chi2-test and t-test with the SPSS program.
RESULTS
The experimental group had significantly better salivation, and less xerostomia and halitosis than the control group.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that Oral Function Improvement Exercises were effective for salivation, xerostomia and halitosis in the elders. Therefore, it was suggested that Oral Function Improvement Exercise are applicable in a community nursing intervention program to improve the quality of life for elders.

Keyword

Elderly; Salivation; Xerostomia; Halitosis; Oral function improving exercise
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