Korean J Health Promot.  2011 Dec;11(4):217-226.

Effects of Group Intervention Program on Depression and Quality of Life in Korean Elderly with Chronic Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing Science, Sun Moon University, Asan, Korea. spring4cmk@gmail.com
  • 3Department of Welfare & Counseling, Daebul University, Yeongam, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group intervention program on elderly people with chronic disease(s) living in the community.
METHODS
This study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest study. Participants were 101 elderly persons with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus. The experimental group participated in an intervention program as a group while the control group participated individually, both for 16 weeks. The program involved health education, stretching exercises with thera-band and massage. The experimental group attended this program including group discussions while the control group attended the same program but without group discussions. Data were collected before and after the intervention, which went from September 1 to December 26, 2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman's rho and repeated measure analysis of covariance.
RESULTS
There were significant differences between the groups for depression (F=49.756, P<0.001) and quality of life (F=7.289, P=0.008) after the intervention program.
CONCLUSIONS
Our results indicate that intervention programs with a group approach are more effective than an individual approach for community-dwelling elderly with chronic disease. Therefore, a group approach should be considered when planning programs for elders in the community.

Keyword

Elderly; Chronic disease; Depression; Quality of life
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