Korean J Adult Nurs.  2015 Apr;27(2):170-179. 10.7475/kjan.2015.27.2.170.

Self-care, Social Support, and Biological Markers in Liver Transplant Recipients

  • 1Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. MONACHOI@yuhs.ac
  • 4Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.


To examine the relationships between self-care, social support, and biological markers in liver transplant recipients.
The participants included 118 liver transplant recipients who visited outpatient clinic at Y University Hospital in Seoul from April to May, 2013. Questionnaires consisted of self-care and social support scales. The biological markers were collected by reviewing electronic medical records. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA with Scheffe post-hoc test, and Pearson's correlation.
The self-care score was significantly higher in a patient group within 6 months post-transplant when compared to a patient group post-transplant 3 to 5 years (F=3.10, p=.018). The self-care showed positive correlation with social support with statistical significance (r=.36, p<.001).
As the self-care in liver transplant recipients had a positive correlation with social support from family and healthcare providers, the development of comprehensive long-term nursing intervention systems including counseling, education, and support in consideration of progress of time period after transplantation is necessary to enhance self-care behaviors among this population.

MeSH Terms

Ambulatory Care Facilities
Electronic Health Records
Health Personnel
Self Care*
Weights and Measures
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cited by  2 articles

Structural Equation Modeling of Self-Management of Liver Transplant Recipients
Mi-Kyeong Jeon, Yeon-Hwan Park
J Korean Acad Nurs. 2017;47(5):663-675.    doi: 10.4040/jkan.2017.47.5.663.

Nutritional Status of Liver Transplantation Recipients and Factors Influencing Nutritional Status
SinYoung Hwang, Smi Choi-Kwon
J Korean Acad Nurs. 2019;49(3):340-348.    doi: 10.4040/jkan.2019.49.3.340.


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