J Rhinol.  1998 Nov;5(2):155-159.

Allergic Fungal Sinusitis: A Report of Two Cases

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, GyeongSang National University Hospital, Chinju, Korea.

Abstract

Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a benign, noninvasive form of fungal sinusitis. Histologically, AFS is characterized by allergic mucin, which consists of eosinophilic mucinous material with occasional laminar deposits of eosinophils. A diagnosis of AFS can be made when there is a demonstration of characteristic allergic mucin and an appearance of fungal hypae scattered within the mucin with no evidence of tissue invasion, or when fungi cultures yield positive results. Until now, no cases of AFS have been reported in Korea, though there have been many cases of mycetomas and a few cases of invasive fungal sinusitis. We present the first two cases of AFS in Korea. The patients demonstrated characteristic allergic mucin, fungal hypae scattered within the mucin, and no evidence of tissue invasion on histopathology. Nasal polyps, involvement of the unilateral sinuses, peripheral eosinophilia, an elevated total IgE, and hyperattenuated masses observed in the CT supported the diagnosis of AFS. The patients recovered and did not display recurrence after surgery and treatment with topical steroids and saline irrigation.

Keyword

Fungal sinusitis; Allergic fungal sinusitis; Allergic mucin; Eosinophils; Total IgE
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