J Rhinol.  2012 May;19(1):29-34.

Skin Prick Testing of Patients with Allergic Rhinitis and/or Asthma: a Study in Catholic Medical Center, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. kshent@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Allergic rhinitis is closely related to asthma. The skin prick test is an essential diagnostic tool for allergic disease. We evaluated differences in skin sensitization patterns between groups of patients with allergic rhinitis or asthma, or allergic rhinitis with asthma, in Korea.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
From 2000 to 2009, patients with positive results from skin prick testing were divided into three groups: allergic rhinitis (AR), allergic asthma (AS), and allergic rhinitis with allergic asthma (AR+AS). We analyzed demographic data, rhinitis and asthma symptoms, and sensitization patterns.
RESULTS
The most common aeroallergen was the house dust mite. The age distributions of the three disease groups differed significantly. Sensitization number, sensitization index, and atopy index were all significantly higher among the AR+AS group than among the AR or AS groups.
CONCLUSION
Patients with allergic rhinitis with high numbers of skin sensitizations or intensive positivities should be considered to have concomitant asthma or to be at high risk for asthma development.

Keyword

Allergic Rhinitis; Asthma; Skin Prick Test
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