J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2007 May;14(2):230-238.

Stages of Health Behavior Change and Health Related Quality of Life among Korean Adults

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Dankook University, Korea. aekim@dankook.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a theoretical construct explaining stages of health behavior change. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the stages of health behavior change and health related quality of life (HRQL), METHOD: A descriptive survey design was utilized, and, using a questionnaire, which included a series of 5 questions designed to assess stages of health behavior change and HRQL instrument, data were collected from 292 adults. Means, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and SNK test were used to analyze the collected data.
RESULTS
Health risk behaviors were lack of stress management(44%), alcohol use (42.5%), poor nutrition (37%), smoking (36.3%), a lack of spirituality (28.8%), poor communication skills (21.9%), Lack of safety(21.6%), lack of fittness (20.1%), violent behavior(12.3%), and drug use(6.8%). There was a significant difference in HRQL according to stage of health behavior change (P=0.001).
CONCLUSION
The results of the study identified the need for individualized nursing interventions that based on the stage of health behavior change. Nursing interventions that focus on the stage of health behavior change would be effective for health promotion for Koreans.

Keyword

Health behavior; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Health Behavior*
Health Promotion
Humans
Nursing
Quality of Life*
Surveys and Questionnaires
Risk-Taking
Smoke
Smoking
Spirituality
Smoke
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