J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2012 May;19(2):261-268.

Mediation Effects of Self-Efficacy between Academic Stress and College Adjustment in First Year Nursing Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Sunlin College, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Korea. jewelee@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of the study was to identify the mediating effects of self-efficacy between academic stress and college adjustment in first year nursing students. METHOD: Data were collected from 396 first year nursing students from 3 junior colleges and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations and structural equation model (SEM) with PASW 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 programs.
RESULTS
There was a negative relationship between academic stress and college adjustment but a positive relationship between self-efficacy and college adjustment. There was a partial mediating effect of self-efficacy between academic stress and college adjustment.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate a need to develop programs that effectively promote the self-efficacy of first year nursing students to decrease academic stress and maximize college adjustment. Further studies are needed in which other factors that could affect college adjustment are examined.

Keyword

Stress; Self Efficacy; Students; Nursing; Coping
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