J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2011 Sep;22(3):156-161.

Characteristics Related to Depression in Adolescent Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. shbpark@chosun.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Externalized behavioral problems are prevalent in adolescents, due to the difficulties associated with this developmental stage. Conduct Disorder (CD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as well as other psychiatric disorders, such as major depressive disorder, result in the manifestation of many behavioral problems during adolescence.
METHODS
For this report, we analyzed a sample of 31 adolescents, each of whom had presented with CD or ODD at Chosun University Hospital between 2002 and 2010. We separated subjects into depressed and non-depressed groups according to their Beck Depression Inventory scores (BDI<10, non-depressed ; BDI> or =10, depressed). Then we analyzed for neuropsychological differences between the depressed and non-depressed groups.
RESULTS
In our sample, adolescents in the depressed group showed less of a stealing (deceitfulness and/or theft) behavioral pattern and presented with more anxiety symptoms, lower self-esteem, and greater sensitivity in interpersonal relationships, as compared to the non-depressed group.
CONCLUSION
When adolescents exhibit disruptive behavior, clinicians should consider the underlying causes of the behavior.

Keyword

Conduct Disorder; Oppositional Defiant Disorder; Depression; Adolescent
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