J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2004 Dec;16(4):617-625.

Effect of Asthma Management Educational Program on The Disease Related Knowledge, Stress, and Self-efficacy of Asthmatics Allergic to House Dust Mite

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, The Catholic University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Pochon CHA University, Kyeonggi, Korea. dhrgml@hanmail.net
  • 3Department of Nursing, Keukdong College, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the asthma management educational program given to the allergic asthmatics receiving immunotherapy due to house dust mite on the disease related to knowledge, stress, and self-efficacy. METHOD: The subjects of this study were the patients received immunotherapy to house dust mite at a week interval after being diagnosed for house dust mite allergic asthma at the respiratory center of a hospital affiliated to the university. They were divided into the experimental group of 29 patients who received asthma management education, the control group of 32 patients, and 61 patients in total. Experimental treatment, as an asthma management educational program, was the group education of one time and the reinforcement education of three times with environmental therapy and immunotherapy to house dust mite. RESULTS: The results revealed that the improvement in disease related knowledge, the improvement in self-efficacy and the decrease in stress, were significantly higher in the experimental group than the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The asthma management educational program had an effect on improving the disease related knowledge and self-efficacy, and decreasing the stress of the patients asthmatics allergic to house dust mite.

Keyword

Asthma; Knowledge; Stress; Self-efficacy
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