Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2015 Jul;19(4):383-388. 10.4196/kjpp.2015.19.4.383.

Characteristics of K+ Outward Currents in the Cochlear Outer Hair Cells of Circling Mice within the First Postnatal Week

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-714, Korea. ansil67@hanmail.net

Abstract

K+ outward currents in the outer hair cells (OHCs) of circling mice (homozygous (cir/cir) mice), an animal model for human deafness (DFNB6 type), were investigated using a whole cell patch clamp technique. Littermate heterozygous (+/cir) mice of the same age (postnatal day (P) 0 -P6) were used as controls. Similar slow rising K+ currents were observed in both genotypes, but their biophysical and pharmacological properties were quite different. The values of V(half) for activation were significantly different in the heterozygous (+/cir) and homozygous (cir/cir) mice (-8.1+/-2.2 mV, heterozygous (+/cir) mice (n=7) and -17.2+/-4.2 mV, homozygous (cir/cir) mice (n=5)). The inactivation curve was expressed by a single first order Boltzmann equation in the homozygous (cir/cir) mice, while it was expressed by a sum of two first order Boltzmann equations in the heterozygous (+/cir) mice. The K+ current of homozygous (cir/cir) mice was more sensitive to TEA in the 1 to 10 mM range, while the 4-AP sensitivities were not different between the two genotypes. Removal of external Ca2+ did not affect the K+ currents in either genotype, indicating that the higher sensitivity of K+ current to TEA in the homozygous (cir/cir) mice was not due to an early expression of Ca2+ activated K+ channels. Our results suggest that the K+ outward current of developing homozygous (cir/cir) mice OHCs is different in both biophysical and pharmacological aspects than that of heterozygous (+/cir) mice.

Keyword

Circling mice; Deafness; DFNB6; K+ current; Outer hair cell
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