Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2006 Mar;49(3):293-296.

Clinical Review of Orbital Complications Caused by Paranasal Sinusitis: 10-Years Experience

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Seoul, Korea. entcho@cmc.cuk.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Orbital complications due to sinusitis are generally uncommon, but in certain cases, it may cause a significant problem such as visual loss. We aim to evaluate the clinical features of orbital complications due to sinusitis. We will also discuss the treatment modalities associated with orbital complications. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 21 patients with sinogenic orbital complications from Jan. 1995 to Jan. 2005. The clinical features of orbital complications, the radiologic findings and the treatment given to the patients were evaluated. The prognosis of each case was set according to the Chandler's classification.
RESULTS
Six out of 21 patients had preseptal cellulitis, 7 had orbital cellulitis, another 7 had subperiosteal abscess and only 1 patient had orbital abscess. Proptosis, opthalmoplegia and decreased visual acuity were more significant in patients with postseptal cellulitis than in those with preseptal cellulitis. In terms of treatment, medical therapy was the sole treatment modality for preseptal cellulitis, whereas surgical management was more frequently used for postseptal complications.
CONCLUSION
The presence of a postseptal complication may be assumed when patients have clinical symptoms such as proptosis, opthalmoplegia and decreased visual acuity. CT scan is helpful in deciding the appropriate treatment for such cases. If there is absence of such symptoms, we can consider the orbital complication as preseptal, which can be treated medically.

Keyword

Complications; Sinusitis
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