Korean J Biol Psychiatry.  2015 Nov;22(4):216-222. 10.0000/kjbp.2015.22.4.216.

Comparison of Depressive Symptoms between Social Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ks2485@empal.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The principal aim of the present study was to investigate the characteristic depressive symptoms in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) and panic disorder in comparison to patients with depressive disorder.
METHODS
This study included 132 patients with SAD, 128 panic disorder and 64 depressive disorder (major depressive disorder, dysthymia etc.) patients without comorbid psychiatric disorders. The Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI) is used to measure depressive symptoms. We divided BDI into three categories originally described by Shafer AB, including negative attitude toward self, performance impairment, and somatic symptoms. We compared the depressive symptoms of SAD, panic disorder and depressive disorder by using ANOVA.
RESULTS
Negative attitude toward self was noticeable in SAD (SAD 0.54 +/- 0.23, panic disorder 0.41 +/- 0.17, depressive disorder 0.46 +/- 0.11, p < 0.001). Performance impairment and somatic symptoms were remarkable in panic disorder than in SAD and depressive disorder (performance impairment : SAD 0.39 +/- 0.21, panic disorder 0.44 +/- 0.14, depressive disorder 0.40 +/- 0.09, p = 0.009 ; somatic symptoms : SAD 0.07 +/- 0.10, panic disorder 0.15 +/- 0.12, depressive disorder 0.14 +/- 0.08, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS
The results facilitate an approach to optimal treatment for patients with comorbidity of anxiety disorder and depression.

Keyword

Social anxiety disorder; Panic disorder; Depressive symptom

MeSH Terms

Anxiety Disorders*
Anxiety*
Comorbidity
Depression*
Depressive Disorder
Humans
Panic Disorder*
Panic*
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