Korean J Anesthesiol.  2008 May;54(5):569-572. 10.4097/kjae.2008.54.5.569.

Emergency Airway Management using a Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Following Extubation in an Infant with a Congenital Facial Anomaly: A case report

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. stone90@snu.ac.kr


A female infant (4 months-old) with Goldenhar syndrome was scheduled for cheiloplasty to treat a transverse facial cleft and congenital macrostomia. There was no past history of difficulty during feeding or airway obstruction. Following induction of anesthesia using an inhalational anesthetic technique, conventional oro-tracheal intubation was possible. However, following extubation of the endotracheal tube she developed an upper airway obstruction. Her lungs could not be ventilated using a facial mask and oxygen saturation was decreased. A #1 laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was inserted immediately, which allowed us to ventilate her lungs and restore the oxygen saturation. Here we describe the use of a LMA for emergency airway management in an infant.


airway management; difficult tracheal intubation; Goldenhar syndrome; infant; laryngeal mask airway
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