Allergy Asthma Respir Dis.  2015 Jul;3(4):239-254. 10.4168/aard.2015.3.4.239.

Pollen allergy plants in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. cshong@yuhs.ac

Abstract

Pollen reactivity in respiratory allergic diseases has recently increased in Korea. According to changes in allergen sensitization over the last 30 years, tree pollen sensitization in the 2010s markedly increased in oak, birch, alder, and pine. The sensitization to grasses and most weeds in the 2010s decreased in comparison with the 90s results. Oak Pollen allergens have increased in air during the last 30 years, and this increment has been correlated with increased oak reactivity. The number of birch trees is not so many as oak, but skin reactivity to birch pollen is as same as that to oak pollen. Because there are many chestnut near the residence, sensitization to Castanea spp. has to be evaluated. Maidenhair tree and Japanese elm are regarded as offending allergens of pollenosis. There are many maindenhair trees (Ginkgo biloba) and Japanese elm (Zelkova serrata) on streets and in park areas, and they produce a large amount of anemophilous pollen in spring. There is little wide grassland in Korea except the rice fields. Therefore, we do not have dominant grasses for pollenosis. There are a few peculiar grasses, such as orange foxtail, common reed, Korean lawn grass, Chinese silver grass, and green bristle grass. These pollens should be evaluated for cross-allergenicity with known allergenic pollens, such as timothy and Bermuda grass. In Korea, sagebrush, ragweed, and hop Japanese are prominent plants in autumn. Chrysanthemum spp. should be further evaluated because of persistently increased sensitization during the last 30 years, which are widely distributed in wild fields and bloom massively during late autumn. Recent climate changes and air pollution increase pollen production and alter pollen allergenicity. Therefore, continuous monitoring of plant ecology and pollen sensitization is necessary in effectively controlling pollen allergy for human health.

Keyword

Allergy; Allergens; Pollen; Plants; Sensitization

MeSH Terms

Air Pollution
Allergens
Alnus
Ambrosia
Artemisia
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Betula
Chrysanthemum
Citrus sinensis
Climate Change
Cynodon
Ecology
Ginkgo biloba
Humans
Humulus
Hypersensitivity
Korea*
Plants
Poaceae
Pollen*
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal*
Silver
Skin
Allergens
Silver

Figure

  • Fig. 1 Monthly Distribution of total pollen counts in air shows two peaks in a year. Adapted from Park et al. Korean J Agric For Meteorol 2008;10:167-76, with permission of Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.20)

  • Fig. 2 Thirty-four tree pollens were photographed on 1,000-fold magnification after staining with Calberla's solution. The size mark of 50 micrometer is at T1. (T1) 은행나무, Ginkgo biloba; (T2) 일본잎갈나무 Larix kaempferi; (T3) 독일가문비나무 Picea abies; (T4) 소나무 Pinus densiflora; (T5) 스트로브잣나무 Pinus strobus; (T6) 삼나무 Cryptomeria japonica; (T7) 낙우송 Taxodium districhum; (T8) 향나무 Juniperus chinensis; (T9) 서양측백나무 Thuja occidentalis; (T10) 호두나무 Jugulans regia; (T11) 미루나무 Populus deltoides; (T12) 버드나무 Salix koreensis; (T13) 물오리나무 Alnus sibirica; (T14) 자작나무 Betula platyphila var. japonica; (T15) 서어나무 Carpinus laxiflora; (T16) 유럽개암 Corylus avellana; (T17) 밤나무 Castanea crenata; (T18) 너도밤나무 Fagus engleriana; (T19) 상수리나무 Quercus acutissima; (T20) 갈참나무 Quercus aliena; (T21) 신갈나무 Quercus mongolica; (T22) 느릅나무 Ulmus davidiana var. japonica; (T23) 느티나무 Zelkova serrate; (T24) 꾸지나무 Broussonetia papyrifera; (T25) 뽕나무 Morus alba; (T26) 양버즘나무 Platanus occidentalis; (T27) 아까시나무 Robinia pseudoacacia; (T28) 네군도단풍 Acer negundo; (T29) 단풍나무 Acer palmatum; (T30) 칠엽수 Aesculus turbinate; (T31) 피나무 Tilia amurensis; (T32) 물푸레나무 Fraxinus rhynchophylla; (T33) 쥐똥나무 Ligustrum obtusifolium; (T34) 딱총나무 Sambucus williamsii var. coreana.

  • Fig. 3 Twenty grass pollens and fifteen weed pollens were photographed on 1,000-fold magnification after staining with Calberla's solution. The size mark of 50 µm is at G1. (G1) 벼 Oryza sativa; (G2) 줄 Zizania latifolia; (G3) 뚝새풀 Alopecurus aequalis; (G4) 새귀리 Bromus japonicus; (G5) 오리새 Dactylis glomerata; (G6) 향모 Hierochloe odorata; (G7) 갈풀 Phalaris arundinacea; (G8) 왕포아풀 Poa pratensis; (G9) 갈대 Phragmites communis; (G10) 우산잔디 Cynodon dactylon; (G11) 잔디 Zoysia japonica; (G12) 띠 Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii; (G13) 억새 Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens; (G14) 수크렁 Pennisetum alopecuroides; (G15) 강아지풀 Setaria viridis; (G16) 수수 Sorghum bicolor; (G17) 옥수수 Zea mays; (G18) 애기부들 Typha angustifolia; (G19) 길뚝사초 Carex bostrychostigma; (G20) 송이고랭이 Scriptus triangulatus; (W1) 환삼덩굴 Humulus japonicus; (W2) 소리쟁이 Rumex crispus; (W3) 흰명아주 Chenopodium album; (W4) 댑싸리 Kochia scoparia; (W5) 털비름 Amaranthus retroflexus; (W6) 창질경이 Plantago lanceolata; (W7) 해바라기 Helianthus annuus; (W8) 돼지풀 Ambrosia artemisiifolia; (W9) 도꼬마리 Xanthium strumarium; (W10) 미역취 Solidago virgaurea subsp. asciatica; (W11) 구절초 Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum; (W12) 쑥 Artemisia princeps; (W13) 개똥쑥 Artemisia annua; (W14) 개사철쑥 Artemisia apiacea; (W15) 민들레 Taraxacum platycarpum.


Cited by  3 articles

Deep Neural Network-Based Concentration Model for Oak Pollen Allergy Warning in South Korea
Yun Am Seo, Kyu Rang Kim, Changbum Cho, Jae-Won Oh, Tae Hee Kim
Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2020;12(1):149-163.    doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.149.

Evaluation of the allergenic relationship between Humulus japonicus and Humulus lupulus pollen allergens
Chang-Gyu Jung, Eun-Mi Yang, Ji-Ho Lee, Hyun Mi Kim, Hae-Sim Park
Allergy Asthma Respir Dis. 2017;5(4):217-222.    doi: 10.4168/aard.2017.5.4.217.

A study on the correlation between outbreak of allergic rhinitis and airborne pollen in September
Jong Seok Kim, ye Joo So, Jeong Hee Kim, Dae Hyun Lim
Allergy Asthma Respir Dis. 2019;7(4):192-198.    doi: 10.4168/aard.2019.7.4.192.


Reference

1. Park HJ, Lim HS, Park KH, Lee JH, Park JW, Hong CS. Changes in allergen sensitization over the last 30 years in Korea respiratory allergic patients: a single-center. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2014; 6:434–443.
Article
2. Yun JI. Climate change impact on the flowering season of Japanese Cherry (Prunus serrulata var. spontanea) in Korea during 1941-2100. Korean J Agric For Meteorol. 2006; 8:68–76.
3. Lewis WH, Vinay P. North American pollinosis due to insect-pollinated plants. Ann Allergy. 1979; 42:309–318.
4. Park HJ, Hur GY, Kim HA, Ye YM, Suh CH, Nahm DH, et al. Anaphylactic reaction after the ingestion of bee pollen. Korean J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007; 27:57–60.
5. Choi JH, Jang YS, Oh JW, Kim CH, Hyun IG. Bee pollen-induced anaphylaxis: a case report and literature review. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2015; 7:513–517.
Article
6. Joo YJ. Sutides of pollinosis. Report 2. Sensitization with pollens in Korea. J Korean Otol Soc. 1965; 8:23–32.
7. Kang SY. Studies on the offending allergen of allergic respiratory diseases in Korea. Korean J Intern Med. 1973; 16:373–378.
8. Whang YN, Huh KB, Lee SY. Clinical observation and skin test for bronchial asthma. Korean J Intern Med. 1974; 17:426–437.
9. Kim KM. Clinical and statistical study of allergens in the allergic rhinitis. Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg. 1975; 18:39–49.
Article
10. Cho SS, Lee HL, Suck JW, Moon SH, Sohn KC. Survey on skin reactivity test in pediatric allergic diseases. Allergy. 1981; 1:83–87.
11. Min KU, Moon HB, Kang SY. Aerobiological and allergological study for airborne pollen in Seoul. Allergy. 1984; 4:1–20.
12. Kim YL, Lee SK, Oh SH, Moon BS, Park HS, Hong CS. A study of allergy skin tests with Korean pollen extracts. Yonsei Med J. 1987; 28:112–118.
Article
13. Nam DK, Park HS, Oh SH, Hong CS. Skin reactivity and the detection of specific IgE to the pollen of Humulus Japonicus. Korean J Intern Med. 1988; 35:213–227.
14. Joo YJ. Studies on pollinosis: pollen survey in Seoul. Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg. 1965; 8:11–22.
15. Kim JJ. Distribution of airborne allergen in Seoul. Pediatrics. 1967; 16:8–11.
16. Hong CS, Hwang Y, Oh SH, Kim HJ, Huh KB, Lee SY. Survey of the airborne pollens in Seoul, Korea. Yonsei Med J. 1986; 27:114–120.
Article
17. Kim HS, Lee MK, Park HS, Kim HJ, Hong CS. Pollen counts in the air of Seoul during 88 Seoul Olymphics. Allergy. 1989; 9:564–570.
18. Park HS, Chung DH, Joo YJ. Survey of airborne pollens in Seoul, Korea. J Korean Med Sci. 1994; 9:42–46.
Article
19. Oh JW, Lee HB, Lee HR, Pyun BY, Ahn YM, Kim KE, et al. Aerobiological study of pollen and mold in Seoul, Korea. Allergol Int. 1998; 47:263–270.
Article
20. Park KJ, Kim HA, Kim KR, Oh JW, Lee SY, Choi YJ. Characteristics of regional distribution of pollen concentration in Korean Peninsula. Korean J Agric For Meteorol. 2008; 10:167–176.
Article
21. Oh JW, Lee HB, Kang IJ, Kim SW, Park KS, Kook MH, et al. The revised edition of Korean calendar for allergenic pollens. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2012; 4:5–11.
Article
22. Lee CB. Korean illustrated plant book. Seoul: Mi-Moon Sa;1979.
23. Laurent J, Lafay M, Lattanzi B, Le Gall C, Sauvaget J. Evidence for chestnut pollinosis in Paris. Clin Exp Allergy. 1993; 23:39–43.
Article
24. Eriksson NE, Wihl JA, Arrendal H, Strandhede SO. Tree pollen allergy. III. Cross reactions based on results from skin prick tests and the RAST in hay fever patients. A multi-centre study. Allergy. 1987; 42:205–214.
25. May KL. Sensitivity to birch pollen--under-appreciated etiology of atopic asthma in towns. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 2000; 68:478–485.
26. de Groot H, de Jong NW, Vuijk MH, Gerth van Wijk R. Birch pollinosis and atopy caused by apple, peach, and hazelnut; comparison of three extraction procedures with two apple strains. Allergy. 1996; 51:712–718.
Article
27. Vieths S, Scheurer S, Ballmer-Weber B. Current understanding of cross-reactivity of food allergens and pollen. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002; 964:47–68.
Article
28. Schenk MF, Cordewener JH, America AH, Peters J, Smulders MJ, Gilissen LJ. Proteomic analysis of the major birch allergen Bet v 1 predicts allergenicity for 15 birch species. J Proteomics. 2011; 74:1290–1300.
Article
29. Kim TB, Kim KM, Kim SH, Kang HR, Chang YS, Kim CW, et al. Sensitization rates for inhalant allergens in Korea; a multi-center study. J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003; 23:483–493.
30. Harris RM, German DF. The incidence of pine pollen reactivity in an allergic atopic population. Ann Allergy. 1985; 55:678–679.
31. Freeman GL. Pine pollen allergy in northern Arizona. Ann Allergy. 1993; 70:491–494.
32. Gastaminza G, Lombardero M, Bernaola G, Antepara I, Munoz D, Gamboa PM, et al. Allergenicity and cross-reactivity of pine pollen. Clin Exp Allergy. 2009; 39:1438–1446.
Article
33. Dales RE, Cakmak S, Judek S, Coates F. Tree pollen and hospitalization for asthma in urban Canada. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2008; 146:241–247.
Article
34. Dirksen A, Osterballe O. Common components in pollen extracts. Allergy. 1980; 35:611–616.
Article
35. Weber RW. Cross-reactivity of plant and animal allergens. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2001; 21:153–202.
Article
36. Sneller MR, Hayes HD, Pinnas JL. Pollen changes during five decades of urbanization in Tucson, Arizona. Ann Allergy. 1993; 71:519–524.
37. Micheal S, Wangorsch A, Wolfheimer S, Foetisch K, Minhas K, Scheurer S, et al. Immunoglobulin E reactivity and allergenic potency of Morus papyrifera (paper mulberry) pollen. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2013; 23:168–175.
38. Zanforlin M, Incorvaia C. A case of pollinosis to Broussonetia papyrifera. Allergy. 2004; 59:1136–1137.
Article
39. Liu GH, Zhu RF, Zhang W, Li WJ, Wang ZX, Chen H. Survey of airborne pollen in Hubei province of China. Chin Med Sci J. 2008; 23:212–217.
Article
40. Chen Z, Zhu N, Chen X, Yang Y, Li Y, Wu Z, et al. Purification and identification of 72 kDa and 15 kDa allergens from Broussonetia papyrifera pollen. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2013; 12:312–320.
41. Shida T, Akiyama K, Hasegawa M, Maeda Y, Taniguchi M, Mori A, et al. Change in skin reactivity to common allergens in allergic patients over a 30-year period. Association with aeroallergen load. Arerugi. 2000; 49:1074–1086.
42. Wodehouse RP. Hayfever plants; their appearance, distribution, time of flowering, and their role in hayfever. New York: Hafner Pub. Co.;1971.
43. Schwietz LA, Goetz DW, Whisman BA, Reid MJ. Cross-reactivity among conifer pollens. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2000; 84:87–93.
Article
44. Lewis WH, Vinay P, Zenger VE. Airborne and allergenic pollen of North America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press;1983.
45. Bernstein IL, Perera M, Gallagher J, Michael JG, Johansson SG. In vitro cross-allergenicity of major aeroallergenic pollens by the radioallergosorbent technique. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1976; 57:141–152.
Article
46. Berna Dursun A, Celik GE, Alan S, Münevver Pinar N, Mungan D, Misirligil Z. Regional pollen load: effect on sensitisation and clinical presentation of seasonal allergic rhinitis in patients living in Ankara, Turkey. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008; 36:371–378.
Article
47. Lee MK, Hong CS. Characterization of allergen in Zoysia japonica pollen. Allergy. 1991; 11:14–29.
48. Weber RW. Patterns of pollen cross-allergenicity. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003; 112:229–239.
Article
49. Weber RW. Cross-reactivity of pollen allergens. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2004; 4:401–408.
Article
50. Wopfner N, Gadermaier G, Egger M, Asero R, Ebner C, Jahn-Schmid B, et al. The spectrum of allergens in ragweed and mugwort pollen. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005; 138:337–346.
Article
51. Katial RK, Lin FL, Stafford WW, Ledoux RA, Westley CR, Weber RW. Mugwort and sage (Artemisia) pollen cross-reactivity: ELISA inhibition and immunoblot evaluation. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1997; 79:340–346.
Article
52. Brandys J, Grimsøen A, Nilsen BM, Paulsen BS, Park HS, Hong CS. Cross-reactivity between pollen extracts from six artemisia species. Planta Med. 1993; 59:221–228.
Article
53. Yunginger JW, Gleich GJ. Measurement of ragweed antigen E by double antibody radioimmunoassay. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1972; 50:326–337.
Article
54. Kuroume T, Todokoro M, Tomidokoro H, Kanbe Y, Matsumura T. Chrysanthemum pollinosis in Japan. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1975; 48:800–811.
Article
55. Park HS, Jung KS, Jee SY, Hong SH, Kim HY, Nahm DH. Are there any links between Hop Japanese pollen and other weed pollens or food allergens on skin prick tests? Allergy Asthma Proc. 2001; 22:43–46.
Article
56. Reeb-Whitaker CK, Bonauto DK. Respiratory disease associated with occupational inhalation to hop (Humulus lupulus) during harvest and processing. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014; 113:534–538.
Article
57. Leiferman KM, Gleich GJ, Jones RT. The cross-reactivity of IgE antibodies with pollen allergens. II. Analyses of various species of ragweed and other fall weed pollens. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1976; 58(1 Pt 2):140–148.
58. Galant S, Berger W, Gillman S, Goldsobel A, Incaudo G, Kanter L, et al. Prevalence of sensitization to aeroallergens in California patients with respiratory allergy. Allergy Skin Test Project Team. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1998; 81:203–210.
Article
59. Lombardero M, Duffort O, Selles JG, Hernandez J, Carreira J. Cross-reactivity among Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae. Ann Allergy. 1985; 54:430–436.
60. Crosby B, Ledoux R, Vaughan T, Weber R, Goodman D. Crossallergenicity amongst chenopod-amaranth weeds: assessment via ELISA inhibition & enzyme-linked immunoblot assays [abstract]. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1990; 85:176.
61. Mehta V, Wheeler AW. IgE-mediated sensitization to English plantain pollen in seasonal respiratory allergy: identification and partial characterisation of its allergenic components. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1991; 96:211–217.
Article
62. Nakamaru Y, Maguchi S, Oridate N, Takagi D, Furuta Y, Fukuda S. Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) pollinosis in Japan. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2005; 32:251–256.
Article
Full Text Links
  • AARD
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr