J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2013 Mar;54(3):502-507. 10.3341/jkos.2013.54.3.502.

Correction of Limbus-to-Limbus Corneal Astigmatism with Toric Orthokeratology Lenses

  • 1Park Young Kee Eye Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Ophthalmology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea. jiel75@hanmail.net


To report the efficacy of toric orthokeratology lenses in a patient with corneal astigmatism within 1.5 D having difficulty wearing spherical orthokeratology lenses because of limbus-to-limbus corneal astigmatism.
An 11-year-old boy who wanted to wear orthokeratology lenses had a refractive error of -4.75 D sph = -1.00 D cyl 180 in the right eye and -4.50 D sph = -1.25 D cyl 180 in the left eye. The corneal astigmatism was 1.19 D and 1.19 D, respectively, and limbus-to-limbus corneal astigmatism was observed in topography. After wearing spherical orthokeratology lenses, the patient complained of monocular diplopia and both lenses were found to be displaced nasally. Toric orthokeratology lenses were prescribed for centration of lenses and resulted in significant improvement of uncorrected visual acuity of 20/20, refractive error of +0.75 D sph = -0.50 D cyl 170 in the right eye and +0.50 D sph = -0.50 D cyl 160 in the left eye, and centration of lenses for the 12-month follow-up period.
Toric orthokeratology lenses should be considered if spherical orthokeratology lenses are not effective even in patients having less than 1.5 D of corneal astigmatism because of limbus-to-limbus corneal astigmatism.


Limbus-to-limbus corneal astigmatism; Spherical orthokeratology lenses; Toric orthokeratology lenses

MeSH Terms

Follow-Up Studies
Refractive Errors
Visual Acuity


  • Figure 1. Prefitting topography shows limbus-to-limbus with-the-rule corneal astigmatism (A: right eye, B: left eye).

  • Figure 2. After 1 month of wearing spherical orthokeratology lens, both eyes (A: right eye, B: left eye) show nasally flattened cornea on topography.

  • Figure 3. After 12 months of wearing toric orthokeratology lenses, both eyes (A: right eye, B: left eye) show well-centered bull's eye pattern on topography.

  • Figure 4. Topography (A, B), fluorescein stain (C, D), and schematic structure (E, F) of eyes with central (A, C, E) and limbus-to-limbus (B, D, F) corneal astigmatism fitted with spherical orthokeratology lens. Arrows show the steep fitting of alignment curves (red colors) along with astigmatic axis in eye with limbus to limbus astigmatism (yellow colors; optic zone, green colors; reverse curves).

Cited by  2 articles

Effect of Toric Orthokeratology Lenses on Patients with More Than 1.5 Diopter of Corneal Astigmatism
Jong Heon Lee, Young Min Park, Young Kee Park, Jong Su Lee, Hee Young Choi, Jae Ho Jung, Ji Eun Lee
J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2015;56(6):830-834.    doi: 10.3341/jkos.2015.56.6.830.

Effect of Toric Orthokeratology Lenses in Patients with Limbus to Limbus Corneal Astigmatism
Young Min Park, Jong Heon Lee, Young Kee Park, Jong Su Lee, Hee Young Choi, Jae Ho Jung, Ji Eun Lee
J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2015;56(7):980-984.    doi: 10.3341/jkos.2015.56.7.980.



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