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Availability of Cycloplegic Refraction in Children and Adolescents

Kim SH, Lee YC

PURPOSE: To compare non-cycloplegic and cycloplegic refractive errors and evaluate the utility of cycloplegia in Korean children and young adolescents. METHODS: An anterospective study including 406 outpatients was conducted from September...
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Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer and Macular Retinal Ganglion Cell Layer Thicknesses in Healthy Korean Children

Kim Y, Hwang YH

PURPOSE: To measure the thicknesses of the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular retinal ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in healthy Korean children...
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The Shortest Radius of Curvature of Bruch's Membrane in Macular Optical Coherence Tomography

Kim HK, Park SH, Lee JJ, Kwon HJ, Park KH, Park SW, Lee JE

PURPOSE: To develop software to measure the shortest radius in curvature of Bruch's membrane from optical coherence tomography (OCT), and then to apply it to various types of eyes. METHODS: Macular...
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Effects of Bifocal versus Trifocal Diffractive Intraocular Lens Implantation on Visual Quality after Cataract Surgery

Kim BH, Hyon JY, Kim MK

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of bifocal versus trifocal diffractive intraocular lens (IOL) implantation on visual quality after phacoemulsification in patients with cataracts. METHODS: Eighty-eight eyes from 63 patients were analyzed....
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Comparison of Myopic Progression before and after Orthokeratology Lens Treatment

Jung HG, Lee KY, Bae GH

PURPOSE: To compare the myopic progression before and after wearing an orthokeratology lens (OK). METHODS: Twenty-six patients (49 eyes) with at least 6 months of myopia prior to OK treatment were...
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Comparison of Hyperopic Photorefractive Keratectomy and LASIK

Kim DG, Choi JH, Kim SW, Choi TH, Choe CM

PURPOSE: We compared the results of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the correction of hyperopia. METHODS: Patients who underwent PRK or LASIK, under +6.00 diopters (D)...
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Diagnosis and treatment of childhood strabismus

Yang HK, Jung JH

Strabismus is a pathologic condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other forming different images on the corresponding retinal points. Early diagnosis and appropriate management of...
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Refractive Outcomes of 4-Year-old Children after Intravitreal Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor versus Laser Photocoagulation for Retinopathy of Prematurity

Kang HG, Kim TY, Han J, Han SH

PURPOSE: To compare long-term refractive outcomes associated with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) versus laser photocoagulation treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: A total of 52 eyes from 27...
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Relationship between Dominant Eye and Refractive Error in Myopic Anisometropia

Lee SK, Kim S, Lyu IJ

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between dominant eye and refractive error in patients with myopic anisometropia. METHODS: This study population consisted of myopes less than 15 years old who were followed...
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Effect of Preoperative Factors and Gonioscopy on Intraocular Pressure Reduction after Phacoemulsification in Glaucoma

Park Y, Kim YB, Cho KJ

PURPOSE: To evaluate a new gonioscopy score and preoperative factors as a potential predictor for intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction after phacoemulsification. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 182 eyes with...
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Refractory Outcomes after Cataract Surgery in Acute Primary Angle-closure Glaucoma Patients Treated with Laser Iridotomy

Hwang HS, Kim DY, Kim HT, Chae JB, Hyung S

PURPOSE: To analyze the accuracy of ocular biometry and prediction of postoperative refraction after cataract surgery in acute primary angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) patients treated with laser iridotomy (LI). METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Development of Optic Disc Torsion in Children

Kim JA, Kim TW, Lee EJ, Hwang JM

PURPOSE: To document the development of disc torsion. METHODS: Consecutive disc photographs obtained at an interval of at least 1 year were reviewed retrospectively in 173 eyes of 173 Korean children....
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Pars Plana Posterior Capsulectomy during Phacovitrectomy

Lee SJ, Kim YC

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pars plana posterior capsulectomy (PPPC) during phacovitrectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 76 patients (76 eyes) who underwent phacovitrectomy were enrolled. The patients...
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Clinical Outcomes and Refractive Error Characteristics in Patients with Congenital Blepharoptosis after Ptosis Repair Surgery

Son KY, Kim YD, Woo KI, Park KA

PURPOSE: We investigated changes in postoperative refractive error after surgery to treat congenital ptosis and the clinical outcomes by surgical method. METHODS: The study was retrospective and interventional. We enrolled 73...
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Analysis on Transitional Change of Refractive Error Distributions in Pediatric Population Using KNHANES

Lim SH, Lim HT, Kim DH

PURPOSE: To investigate transitional changes in refractive error distributions in a pediatric population using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data. METHODS: We investigated 7,181 subjects from the...
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The Clinical Characteristics of Spontaneous Separated Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane

Kang DH, Lee SH

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of spontaneous separation of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) patients without any surgical treatment. METHODS: Retrospective medical records analysis was performed for patients with spontaneous separation...
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Result of Central Vault Depending on Lens Diameters in Patients with Implantable Collamer Lens Implantation

Park K, Chung JK

PURPOSE: To compare vaulting height and clinical results in patients who underwent anterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation with different lens diameters. METHODS: Thirty-five eyes (19 patients) who underwent anterior chamber...
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Effect of Sequential Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segment Implantation and Corneal Collagen Crosslinking in Corneal Ectasia

Kim CY, Kim MK

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical efficacy of sequential intrastromal corneal ring segment (ICRS) implantation and corneal crosslinking (CXL) in corneal ectasia. METHODS: To assess the clinical efficacy of sequential intrastromal corneal...
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The Changes of Anterior Chamber Depth and Refractive Errors after Phacovitrectomy with Posterior Capsulotomy

Yoo WS, Seo JS, Jeong JS, Shin MH, Kim SJ, Chung IY

PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and refractive error after combined phacovitrectomy with posterior capsulotomy using a vitrectomy probe. METHODS: In 20 eyes of 20 patients who...
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Effects of Cyclotorsion Orientation and Magnitude in Eyes with Compound Myopic Astigmatism on the Compensation Capacity of WaveLight EX500 Photorefractive Keratectomy

Ozulken K, Ilhan C

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical effects of different orientation and magnitude of cyclotorsion on the compensation capacity of the WaveLight EX500 photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) platform. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 400...
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