J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2014 Jul;52(3):233-238. 10.4047/jkap.2014.52.3.233.

Evaluation of alveolar bone density by intraoral periapical radiography

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dentistry, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 2Division of Biological Science, University of California, San Diego, USA.
  • 3Jukjeon Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Yongin, Korea. eskimos@dankook.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
A method detecting change of jaw or alveolar bone density may be helpful in periodontal care, implant dentistry and evaluation of bone density of whole body.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In this study, bone density of intraoral periapical radiography using phantom-integrated XCP is compared with that of quantitative computed tomography (QCT).
RESULTS
Bone density of intraoral periapical radiography and the one measured by QCT showed high correlation (correlation coefficient = 0.92, P<.001) in alveolar bone, and relatively high correlation (0.73, P<.001) in cancellous bone.
CONCLUSION
This study revealed possibility of scoring of bone density by intraoral periapical radiography.

Keyword

Bone density; Alveolar bone density; Intraoral periapical radiography; Quantitative computed tomography; Cortical bone; Cancellous bone
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