J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2015 Dec;26(6):534-542. 10.0000/jksem.2015.26.6.534.

National Survey of Training Methodology between Experience and Needs for Laypersons' Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, CHA University, CHA Gumi Medical Center, Gumi, Korea. a345em@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea.
  • 4Department of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of training methodology between accessibility and needs for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the community.
This population-based nationwide study used a structured questionnaire via telephone survey in 2011-2012. The study was conducted by stratified cluster sampling to assess the impact of age, gender, and geographic regions (n=1,000). The contents of the questionnaire consisted of awareness, prior training status, and willing methodology of public CPR training.
Thirty-eighty percent of respondents (n=381) had previously been taught CPR. Military service, education facility/ school, and workplace were 3 major resources of public CPR training among previously educated subjects (45%, 23%, and 9%, respectively). Seventy-two percent of trainees had been taught less than an hour and only 60% were trained using an individual manikin for CPR practice. Fifty-nine percent (n=593) had willingness to participate in CPR education and 40% of subjects wished to learn in a hospital or health care facility. Place of CPR training showed a major difference between previous experiences and willing groups in the community. Women and elders were more likely to learn CPR. Almost all respondents wanted short-duration learning (<1 hour), however, it was similar in the groups.
In the scope of the public, training site showed a significant discrepancy between previous accessibility and needs of layperson. They prefer a highly accessible location and method with relatively short-practice programs.


Health services needs and demand; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Education; Community surveys
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