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Two Case Reports of Life-Threatening Croup Caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.2 Variant in Pediatric Patients

Park S, You J, Lee J, Park E

Croup is a common upper airway infection characterized by a barking cough, stridor, and hoarseness. It is usually caused by viral infection. A small number of croup caused by coronavirus...
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Changes in the incidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation before and after implementation of the Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions Act

Im H, Choe HW, Oh SY, Ryu HG, Lee H

Background: The Life-Sustaining Treatment (LST) Decisions Act allows withholding and withdrawal of LST, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In the present study, the incidence of CPR before and after implementation of...
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How much mechanical chest compression device can reduce rescuer’s exposure in cardiac arrests patients during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in COVID-19 pandemic period

Park J, Lee S, Kim SY, Kim JW, Hong DY, Lee KR, Baek KJ, Park SO

  • KMID: 2531591
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2022 Apr;33(2):149-155.
Objective: In the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, virus transmission via exposal to arrest victims infected can be a huge risk to rescuers during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We hypothesized that using...
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Analysis of the effect of one-hand chest compression and rescuers’ characteristics affecting compression in unfolded stretchers

Seo YS, Kang JH, Kim YW, Yoon YS, Park CH, Ji JG, Lee SW

  • KMID: 2527376
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2022 Feb;33(1):11-18.
Objective: When rescuers move from ambulance to resuscitation area, they press the chest with one-hand by the stretchers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of one-hand...
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Right cardiac border to cardiac diameter (RB:CD) ratio, a simple radiological index associated with a good neurological outcome

Choi H, Chon SB, Yoo SM, Kim H

  • KMID: 2524948
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Dec;32(6):493-508.
Objective: The optimum chest compression point during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) associated with a good neurological outcome is unestablished. We aimed to suggest the association between the point and a simple...
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Effects of Changes in Inspiratory Time on Inspiratory Flowrate and Airway Pressure during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Manikin-Based Study

Lee JJ, Pyo SY, Lee JH, Park GJ, Kim SC, Kim H, Lee SW, Kim YM, Chai HS

Objectives: Given that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an aerosol-generating procedure, it is necessary to use a mechanical ventilator and reduce the number of providers involved in resuscitation for in-hospital cardiac...
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Global prevalence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training among the general public: a scoping review

Birkun A, Gautam A, Trunkwala F

A scoping review was conducted to identify, map, and analyze international evidence from studies investigating the prevalence of community cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. We searched major bibliographic databases and grey...
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Brain injury in extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation: translational to clinical research

Wilcox C, Choi CW, Cho SM

The addition of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), termed extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), has significantly improved survival in selected patient populations. Despite this advancement, significant neurological...
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Effects of a Rapid Response Team on the Clinical Outcomes of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Patients Hospitalized in General Wards

Yoon MJ, Park JH

Purpose: This study investigated differences in the clinical outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of patients hospitalized in general wards according to the operation of a rapid response team. Methods: This retrospective...
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Prediction of Neurological Outcomes in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors Immediately after Return of Spontaneous Circulation: Ensemble Technique with Four Machine Learning Models

Heo JH, Kim T, Shin J, Suh GJ, Kim J, Jung YS, Park SM, Kim S, For SNU CARE investigators

Background: We performed this study to establish a prediction model for 1-year neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) immediately after ROSC...
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Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes in Daegu, South Korea: an observational study

Ahn JY, Ryoo HW, Cho JW, Kim JH, Lee SH, Jang TC

Objective This study aimed to compare the outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) before and after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in a large metropolitan city. Methods This before-and-after...
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Analysis of Characteristics and Mortality in Cardiac Arrest Patients by Hospital Level: a Nationwide Population-based Study

Lee S, Lee SW, Han KS, Ki M, Ko YH, Kim SJ

Background: Survival and post-cardiac arrest care vary considerably by hospital, region, and country. In the current study, we aimed to analyze mortality in patients who underwent cardiac arrest by hospital...
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Analysis of avoidable cardiopulmonary resuscitation incidents with a part-time rapid response system in place

Cho JY, Lee DS, Choi YY, Park JS, Cho YJ, Yoon HI, Lee JH, Lee CT, Lee YJ

Background: Although a rapid response system (RRS) can reduce the incidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in general wards, avoidable CPR cases still occur. This study aimed to investigate the incidence...
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Public awareness and willingness to use automated external defibrillators in a metropolitan city

Lee JH, Lee DE, Ryoo HW, Moon S, Cho JW, Kim YJ, Kim JK, Kim JH, Lee KW, Jin Sc, Seo JS

Objective Early defibrillation is crucial for the survival of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. This study aimed to examine the trends and associated factors regarding public awareness and willingness to...
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Analysis of proper chest compression position according to abdominal distension using multi-detector computed tomography

Lee JH, Koh CY, Cho HY

  • KMID: 2513375
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Feb;32(1):5-10.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of abdominal distension on proper chest compression position selection during the use of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). Methods: Fifty-eight patients...
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Subcapsular Hepatic Hematoma after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Lee SI

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important life-saving procedure in emergency care. However, CPR is associated with various complications. A 41-year-old man was admitted to the intensive care unit after CPR....
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Outcome of basic life support training among primary school students in Southeast Asia

Suwanpairoj C, Wongsombut T, Maisawat K, Torod N, Jaengkrajan A, Sritharo N, Atthapreyangkul N, Wittayachamnankul B

Objective This study aimed to evaluate how BLS courses affect primary school students’ knowledge, attitudes, and life support skills; investigate how medical students’ knowledge and competence in teaching BLS can...
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The impact of rescuer’s posture on quality of chest compressions in hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a randomized crossover mannequin study

Jeon G, Cho Y, Ahn H, Jeong W, You Y, Park J, Joo K

  • KMID: 2511365
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Dec;31(6):527-533.
Objective: This randomized crossover simulation study aimed to compare the effectiveness of chest compressions, performed during 10 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, in three different compression postures: standing posture (SP), single-leg...
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Factors related to CPR performance ability of dental hygenists working in dental hospitals

Choi EY, Choi CH

Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related knowledge, attitude, and performance among dental hygienists working in the hospitals. We believe that it is important to...
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Analysis of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation-related complications based on computed tomography

Oh JH, Kim HI

  • KMID: 2511355
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Oct;31(5):431-439.
Objective: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) needs to be provided to cardiac arrest victims. The chest compression at a 5-6 cm depth and 100-120 beats per minute are recommended according to...
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