J Adv Prosthodont.  2016 Apr;8(2):137-143. 10.4047/jap.2016.8.2.137.

Effect of different grinding burs on the physical properties of zirconia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. son0513@chosun.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Department of Computer Science and Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Grinding with less stress on 3Y-TZP through proper selection of methods and instruments can lead to a long-term success of prosthesis. The purpose of this study was to compare the phase transformation and physical properties after zirconia surface grinding with 3 different grinding burs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Forty disc-shaped zirconia specimens were fabricated. Each Ten specimens were ground with AllCeramic SuperMax (NTI, Kahla, Germany), Dura-Green DIA (Shofu Inc., Kyoto, Japan), and Dura-Green (Shofu Inc., Kyoto, Japan). Ten specimens were not ground and used as a control group. After the specimen grinding, XRD analysis, surface roughness test, FE-SEM imaging, and biaxial flexural strength test were performed.
RESULTS
After surface grinding, small amount of monoclinic phase in all experimental groups was observed. The phase change was higher in specimens, which were ground with Dura-Green DIA and AllCeramic SuperMax burs. The roughness of surfaces increased in specimens, which were ground with Dura-Green DIA and AllCeramic SuperMax burs than control groups and ground with Dura-Green. All experimental groups showed lower flexural strength than control group, but there was no statistically significant difference between control group and ground with Dura-Green DIA and AllCeramic SuperMax burs. The specimens, which were ground with Dura- Green showed the lowest strength.
CONCLUSION
The use of dedicated zirconia-specific grinding burs such as Dura-Green DIA and AllCeramic SuperMax burs decreases the grinding time and did not significantly affect the flexural strength of zirconia, and therefore, they may be recommended. However, a fine polishing process should be accompanied to reduce the surface roughness after grinding.

Keyword

3Y-TZP; Phase transformation; XRD; Roughness; Biaxial flexural strength

MeSH Terms

Prostheses and Implants
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