J Korean Acad Nurs.  2015 Jun;45(3):388-396. 10.4040/jkan.2015.45.3.388.

Effects of Silver-Care-Robot Program on Cognitive Function, Depression, and Activities of Daily Living for Institutionalized Elderly People

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Suwon Science College, Hwaseong, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea. yjyi@gachon.ac.kr
  • 3College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 4Intelligent Cognitive Technology Research Department, ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute), Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects on cognitive function, depression, and activities of daily living of Silver-Care-Robot Program for institutionalized elders.
METHODS
This study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 42 institutionalized elders (17 in the experimental group and 25 in the control group). The Silver-Care-Robot Program was provided as an intervention which was conducted twice a week for 5 weeks. The Silver-Care-Robot Program is an integrated entertainment program to help the mental, emotional, and physical health of elderly people. Pre-test was conducted on the two groups, and, in order to examine the effects of intervention, a post-test was conducted after 5 weeks.
RESULTS
There were significant differences in cognitive function and ADL (activities of daily living) between two groups after the program. But the difference in depression in the institutionalized elders was not statistically significant between the two groups.
CONCLUSION
The Silver-Care-Robot Program should be considered as a regular program for cognitive function and activities of daily living for institutionalized elders.

Keyword

Robotics; Aged; Cognition; Depression; Activities of daily living
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