Korean J Rehabil Nurs.  2006 Jun;9(1):72-80.

The Effects of Multidimensional Program on Cognition, Physical Function and Depression for Institutionalized Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. hysoh@cnu.ac.kr
  • 2Immanuel Silver Home, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the effect of multidimensional program on cognition, physical function and depression among institutionalized elderly and the relationship between study variables and resident's characteristics and health related variables. METHOD: This study involved a one group pre and post test, comparison of variables over a 12 month period. To investigate this research question, data of 114 residents of a nursing home were analyzed.
RESULTS
There was statistically significant difference in MMSE-K (t=-2.63, p=.010), ADL (t=-2.85, p=.005), and depression (t=4.66, p=.000) before and after program participation.
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that, for a year their regular involvement in a broad spectrum of multidimensional program activities can improve in cognitive, physical and emotional perspectives, but the level of IADL decreased significantly (t=-6.72, p=.000). Further testing is required with the control group, to compare with community resident elders in order to explore the effects on social skill of elderly.

Keyword

Institution elderly; Cognition; ADL; IADL; Depression
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