J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2016 Mar;25(1):48-57. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.1.48.

Effects of a Horticultural Therapy Program on Self-efficacy, Stress Response, and Psychiatric Symptoms in Patients with Schizophrenia

Affiliations
  • 1Daegu Mental Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2The Research Institute of Nursing Science · College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. hskim8879@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The study was done to investigate effects of a horticultural therapy program on self-efficacy, stress response, and psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.
METHODS
The research design was a quasi-experimental research with a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized pre-posttest. The participants were recruited from patients with schizophrenia admitted to 1 mental hospital located in D City. The research was carried out from August 3 to September 25, 2012. To test the effects of the horticultural therapy program, the participants were divided into two groups, an experimental group (29) and a control group (26). The horticulture therapy was provided to the experiment group for 60 minutes/session twice a week, for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed using Fisher's exact probability test, χ2-test, and t-test with the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program.
RESULTS
After attending the horticultural therapy program, the first hypothesis was verified as the score for self-efficacy in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (t=2.12, p=.039). The 3rd hypothesis was verified as the score for PANSS in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (t=-5.20, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that the horticultural therapy program enhanced self-efficacy and lessened psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

Keyword

Horticultural therapy; Stress; Self-efficacy; Psychiatric symptom
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