J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2016 Feb;51(1):30-39. 10.4055/jkoa.2016.51.1.30.

Surgical Correction of Adult Spinal Deformity

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. futurespine@gmail.com

Abstract

Surgical correction of adult spinal deformity is a challenge, and is physically and mentally demanding for spinal surgeons. For satisfactory surgical outcomes, proper patient selection is fundamental and preoperative detailed physical examination, intra-operative neuromonitoring, and collaboration with anesthesiology or internal medicine department are critical for prevention of peri-operative complications associated with surgical treatments. A posterior-only or anterior-posterior combined approach can be used. Considering the patients' hemodynamic status or long-time anesthesia, surgeons can decide whether to operate by stage or one stage. Deformity correction can be performed using spinal osteotomy or anterior interbody fusion. Decision regarding correction method depends on the patient's condition and correction degree or level. In this review, the authors try to help in decision making with regard to deformity correction methods for ideal surgical technique, correction angle, fusion length etc. in reference to previous literature.

Keyword

adult spinal deformity; surgical correction; approach; osteotomy; complications
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