Korean J Phys Anthropol.  2015 Dec;28(4):213-221. 10.11637/kjpa.2015.28.4.213.

The Effect and Suggestions for Operation of Cadaver Dissection Program for Dental Hygiene Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, Division of Health Science, Dongseo University, Korea. dahye1124@gdsu.dongseo.ac.kr

Abstract

Cadaver dissection is an effective method for learning structure and function of the human body. However, division of health science is conducting an anatomy lecture lean toward theory because it is impossible to operate their own practice program. This study was performed to propose a customized anatomy practice program plan that reflects needs of students majoring dental hygiene. A survey was conducted to 138 students majoring dental hygiene at D university. We used a structured questionnaire to analyze general characteristics of a subject, opinions about cadaver dissection, educational method and the demands of a program. Then we acquired frequency, mean, standard deviation, and correlation coefficient value. Furthermore, we also performed independent t-test and variance analysis (ANOVA) by using R program (version 3.2.2). A majority of students responded positively in items of necessity, satisfaction and comprehension of cadaver dissection. Dissection using cadaver marked a highest response (48.6%) among the methods of anatomic education. As for an appropriate time required for education, 72 students (52.2%) responded 30 minutes for an orientation time and 46 students (33.3%) for an observation time. Students also responded head and neck area and skeletal system to be the top priority for observation. In order to operate systemic cadaver dissection program, practical institutions should provide an active system. Contents of a necessity and procedure of cadaver donation should be included in preliminary education, with a thoughtful consideration to minimize negative psychological response of students during educational process. In observation, we should organize program focused on head and neck region and a three-dimensional structure of skeletal system. We expect our study to provide useful information in composing cadaver dissection program for dental hygiene students in the future.

Keyword

Department of dental hygiene; Cadaver dissection program; Suggestions for operation
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